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:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (Jun& July 2009 2009) ::
pajoohande 2009, 14(2): 59-65 Back to browse issues page
The Prevalence of Obesity, Central Obesity and Their Relationship with Nutritional Status and Physical Activity among 18 to 25 Year-Old Females Referring to Premarriage Consultation Centers (Tehran, Iran, Summer 2008)
Barzin M, Mirmiran P *, Afghan M, Azizi F
, mirmiran@endocrine.ac.ir
Abstract:   (18444 Views)
Background and Aim: Considering the key role played by precise data collection on factors affecting the incidence of obesity, this survey aimed at obtaining epidemiologic information and determining the effect of physical activity levels and food consumption pattern on the prevalence of obesity in Tehranian females aged 18-25-years referring to premarriage consultation centers of Tehran in summer 2008. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, of 926 girls questionnaires were completed for demographic information, anthropometric indicators, and body mass index (BMI) counted. Levels of physical activity were measured by lipid research clinics questionnaire (LRC) and for 104 person with simple random, standard food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was completed. Prevalence of obesity was determined and the role of food pattern and physical activity was viewed statistically. Results: Mean age and BMI±SD of subjects were 22.4±2.3 year and 21.9±3.6 (kg/m2), respectively. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 11.9% and 3.1%, respectively, and central obesity based on waist circumference≤80 cm was 13.3%. There was a significant negative relationship between BMI≤25 and educational level (p=0.01) and a significant positive relationship with diabetes among close relatives (p=0.01). Low physical activity had an independent role in predicting overweight and obesity (OR=1.7 with 95% CI: 1.1-2.5)(p=0.03). Regarding fiber intake 21.4% consumed less than the recommended dose (14 g/1000 Kcal) none of the subjects consumed less than 10 g/1000 Kcal. Evaluation of sugar consumption showed that 66.7% had high sugar intakes (>10% of kcal/day). Of samples, 81.7% had low-fat diets, 6.7% were observed to be within the normal range, and 11.5% had high fat intake. Fruits, vegetables and dairy, were consumed at recommended amounts or above by 82, 73, 20 percent of subjects, while these values for grains and meat were 93 and 47%, respectively. Conclusion: Although the prevalence of obesity and central obesity in these Tehranian young females is not prevalent, an intervention in diet pattern with high sugar intake is needed to be implemented, and preventive approaches in order to decrease prevalence of obesity in this transient population is necessary.
Keywords: Body Mass Index; Obesity; Central obesity; Young Adult, girls;Food Consumption Pattern; Motor Activity
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Medicine
Received: 2017 | Published: 2017
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Barzin M, Mirmiran P, Afghan M, Azizi F. The Prevalence of Obesity, Central Obesity and Their Relationship with Nutritional Status and Physical Activity among 18 to 25 Year-Old Females Referring to Premarriage Consultation Centers (Tehran, Iran, Summer 2008). pajoohande. 2009; 14 (2) :59-65
URL: http://pajoohande.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-766-en.html


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