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:: Volume 19, Issue 6 (January & February 2015 2015) ::
pajoohande 2015, 19(6): 320-327 Back to browse issues page
The survey of the correlation between domestic violence during pregnancy and after delivery with developmental status of 8-12 month’s infant
Fatemeh Khabbazkar, Mahrokh Dolatian *, Farin Soleimani, Hamid Alavi Majd
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , mhdolatian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5242 Views)
Background and Aim: From birth to five years is a critical time in development when language, cognitive, emotional, social, behavioral and physical skills become the basis for new skills throughout further experiences and education into adult life. Evidence suggests that partner violence during and after pregnancy can negatively affect the health of a fetus and the socio-emotional development of infants. The aim was to determine the association between exposures to domestic violence during pregnancy and post-natal with developmental status of 8-12 month's infant referred to health centers in Rasht city of Iran in 2013. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 400 mothers and infants 8–12 months, visiting health service centers were selected using a multistage method. The exposure (physical, sexual or psychological violence during pregnancy and postpartum) was assessed using "demographic characteristics and domestic violence questionnaires, and developmental status was measured using the “ages and stages questionnaires”. Data were estimated using chi-square, multivariate logistic regression analysis tests, and SPSS-19 was used for statistical analysis. Results: The prevalence of domestic violence on infants 8-12 months (95% confidence interval CI=45-54) and prevalence of developmental delay is 14% in infants in Rasht city. Domestic violence during pregnancy and post-natal is significantly correlated with developmental delay of infants in the area of fine motor, problem solving, personal-social skills (P<0.001). In Logistic model, maternal education and maternal age is significantly correlated with developmental delay of infants (P<0.001) and the most impacts in the area of cognitive and behavior. ‍Conclusion: This study showed that domestic violence during pregnancy and after delivery is correlated with developmental delays in infants, need to reduce domestic violence and factors that influence children’s development strategies must be devised to reduce the harmful consequences of neurodevelopmental disorders.
Keywords: Domestic violence, Developmental status, ASQ Questionnaire, Infant
Full-Text [PDF 613 kb]   (1349 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Medicine
Received: 2017 | Accepted: 2017 | Published: 2017
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Fatemeh Khabbazkar, Mahrokh Dolatian, Farin Soleimani, Hamid Alavi Majd. The survey of the correlation between domestic violence during pregnancy and after delivery with developmental status of 8-12 month’s infant. pajoohande. 2015; 19 (6) :320-327
URL: http://pajoohande.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1863-en.html


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