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:: Volume 18, Issue 2 (May & June 2013 2013) ::
pajoohande 2013, 18(2): 88-96 Back to browse issues page
The mediating role of cognitive flexibility in correlation of coping styles and resilience with depression
Esmail Soltani *, Hossein Shareh, Seyed Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Azam Farmani
PhD student in Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Ssoltani65@gmail.com
Abstract:   (10511 Views)
Background and Aim: Cognitive flexibility is an important variable which is associated with mental health problems. The purpose of the present study was to investigate correlations between cognitive flexibility, depression, coping styles, and resilience and determine the mediating role of cognitive flexibility according to the correlations of coping styles and resilience with depression. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and seventy-seven university students from Shiraz University participated in the present study via cluster sampling method during the fall semester of the 2010- 2011 academic year. The participants completed the instruments of Cognitive Flexibility Inventory (CFI), Beck Depression Inventory- Second Edition (BDI- II), Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale (CD- RISC) and Billings and Moos Coping Styles Questionnaire (CSQ). To analyze the data, SPSS software was used and the statistical methods of Pearson correlation coefficient, simultaneous multiple regression analysis and path analysis were conducted. Results: The results showed that cognitive flexibility and its subscales correlated negatively and significantly with depression and positively and significantly with resilience (P< 0.001). In addition, cognitive flexibility and its subscales correlated positively with the CSQ subscales of Problem Solving and Cognitive Evaluation and negatively with the CSQ subscales of Emotional Control and Physical Control (P< 0.001). Regression analyses indicated that cognitive flexibility subscales predicted coping, resilience and depression. The results from path analyses suggested that resilience, physical control and cognitive flexibility had direct effects on depression. However, physical control and resilience had indirect effects on depression. ‍Conclusion: Cognitive flexibility has correlations with depression, resilience and coping styles. This variable has a mediating role in the correlations of coping styles and resilience with depression. It is recommended that psychological interventions especially cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) are used in order to increase cognitive flexibility and decrease depression among university students.
Keywords: Cognitive Flexibility, Depression, Resilience, Psychological, Adaptation, Psychological
Full-Text [PDF 633 kb]   (5163 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Medicine
Received: 2017 | Accepted: 2017 | Published: 2017
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Esmail Soltani, Hossein Shareh, Seyed Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Azam Farmani. The mediating role of cognitive flexibility in correlation of coping styles and resilience with depression . pajoohande. 2013; 18 (2) :88-96
URL: http://pajoohande.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1518-en.html


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