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:: Volume 15, Issue 5 (November & December 2010 2010) ::
pajoohande 2010, 15(5): 208-212 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia and its related factors in school age children
Zahra Abedini *, Maryam Mousavi Lotfi , Fariba Parvizi
Instructor of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran , abedini@muq.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10391 Views)
Background and Aim: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common nutritional disorder and a major health problem in school age children. This problem leads to failure to thrive and behavioral changes. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of IDA and its related factors in school age children. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 554 students of primary schools were randomly selected. Data was collected through a questionnaire and blood cell count. The prevalence of IDA was measured on the basis of Mentzer index (MCV/RBC) and results more than 13 was considered as IDA. Results: 297 (53.6%) children suffered from IDA. 44.1% of the IDA patients were 7-8 years old. There was a significant relationship between IDA and low consumption of meat, nuts and egg (p value< 0.05). ‍Conclusion: The high prevalence of IDA in school age children (especially primary academic years) is worrying and shows that educational programs are necessary. This study proposes the application of Mentzer index for IDA screening in susceptible children, it also emphasizes on meat, nuts and egg consumption in children.
Keywords: Anemia, Iron-Deficiency, Mentzer index, School age children, Child Nutrition Disorders, Nutrition Assessment
Full-Text [PDF 129 kb]   (2562 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Medicine
Received: 2011/02/19 | Accepted: 2018/02/10 | Published: 2018/02/10
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Zahra Abedini, Maryam Mousavi Lotfi, Fariba Parvizi. Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia and its related factors in school age children. pajoohande. 2010; 15 (5) :208-212
URL: http://pajoohande.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1032-en.html


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